Types of Anxiety Disorders


Anxiety is a common and normal reaction to the pressures and complications in life however when people are extremely affected by this condition, it may no longer be normal. Too much apprehension and nervousness that affect the quality of life of an individual may indicate the presence of an anxiety disorder. There are different kinds of anxiety disorders and symptoms may vary from one person to another. They are actually a group of anxiety related disorders that are commonly triggered by the interaction of biological, psychological and social factors.

Common Symptoms

The most common physical symptoms of the disorders include shortness of breath, pounding heart and sweating. There are victims that suffer from stomach upset, diarrhea, frequent urination, muscle tension and insomnia. There are even patients who report symptoms such as headaches, fatigue, tremors and twitches. Emotional symptoms of anxiety includes feeling of apprehension, difficulty in concentrating, dread, constant anticipation and tensed feeling all the time. Other patients suffer from restlessness, irritability and being too much vigilant and watchful about the dangers to come.

There are actually six major types. It includes panic disorder (anxiety attacks, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), obsessive-compulsive disorder, phobia, social anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Generalized Anxiety

Generalized anxiety is a kind of this condition which is characterized by unrealistic and excessive worry and tension without a stimulus that triggers it. It is also defined by chronic nervousness, tension and worrying over matters that does not really exist. Normally, people will worry about issues such as money, relationship, family and career however people who suffer from GAD tend to worry about these problems in a new level.

Panic Disorder

This condition is characterized by a sudden and recurrent attack of terror. The most common symptoms of a panic attack include profuse sweating, irregular heartbeats, feeling of choking and chest pain. Trembling, shaking, detached feeling from the environment, upset stomach, nausea, dizziness, numbness, hot or cold flushes, fainting, lightheadedness and feeling of dying and going crazy. Panic attacks can cause withdrawal from the environment and when left untreated, it can lead to a number of serious psychological disorders but it can be treated. Signs and symptoms can be reduced through extensive psychological treatment.

People who suffer from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder tend to perform certain routines or rituals over and over again as triggered by their constant thoughts of fears. The disturbing thoughts are referred to as obsession while the rituals are known as the compulsions. This health condition is characterized by uncontrollable thoughts or obsessions and rituals that an individual is compelled to perform.

Post traumatic Stress Disorder

It is a kind of condition that tends to develop after a traumatic and terrifying event such as death of a loved one, sexual abuse and natural disaster have transpired. Trauma has significantly affected the normal functioning of an individual for an indefinite period of time. PTSD symptoms can manifest in an hour, days, months and even years.

Meanwhile, phobia is characterized by an intense and inappropriate fear for specific objects such as snake and heights. Everyone has fears but if the fear is getting irrational and disabling it is no longer normal. People who have phobia perceive that an object poses harm or danger to him or her, when in fact, it does not.

Social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia, is characterized by an intense and overwhelming self-consciousness and worry when she is in public places. Their worries are often centered on the fear and thought of being judged by the public and get ridiculed. People who have this disease are always in fear about being scrutinized, evaluated and embarrassed in the public.

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